■ London’s pre-eminence as a global city is undisputed, but threats to this status may be in its liveability and affordability. London’s competition in the next decades is more likely to come from small cities at home and abroad, particularly those that are punching above their weight in the creative and digital economies.
■ London’s growth and diversity will continue to set it apart from other world cities, particularly western ones where populations are shrinking. London’s ‘polymath’ attractions will continue to act as a magnet for human capital that will be a key competitive factor in the tech age.
■ Even as a compact mid-rise city, London has capacity for further densification and intensification to accommodate a larger population. Its own central areas present a good model of how a high-quality city can be achieved with higher densities.
■ London’s ability, as a world city, to attract international investors will provide a competitive edge in increasing its capability to develop and accommodate growth.