More than 15 billion journeys per annum are made across the combined metro systems of our 12 cities. These are vital pieces of infrastructure that enable cities to function and grow. But the scale and function of transport systems, and the way they are used by local residents, varies significantly around the globe.
Early stages of the metro
The first underground railway in the world, the Metropolitan Railway, was opened in London in 1863 and revolutionised transport in the capital. The network has since expanded to 270 stations over 402km of track. The system has shaped the urban fabric of London, with whole new suburbs created by the expansion of the underground into ‘metroland’, putting central London employment within reach of homeowning classes. The mobility that London’s underground network provides has been integral in transforming London into a pre-eminent world city.