Yangon Market Review H22016

20 December 2016

SAVILLS VIETNAM
YANGON MARKET REVIEW - H2/2016

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW

Myanmar’s population is 54.55 million, of which nearly 70% is of working age. From 2010 - 2015, the country’s average population growth was 0.81% pa, which is expected to slow and result in a population of 56.24 million in 2020. Yangon is the most populous city with 5.5 million.

Myanmar is an emerging economy that reported a GDP of US$64.87 billion in 2015, increasing 0.84% year-on-year (YoY). Reliant upon the primary sector, severe flooding in July 2015 was detrimental to the economy.

Myanmar has attracted large foreign direct investment (FDI). From 1988 - 2015, it cumulatively attracted US$58.2 billion, one-third of which was from the oil and gas industry. Since economic liberalization in 2012, registered FDI reached a peak in 2014 with more than US$8 billion. However, in 2015, registered FDI decreased significantly to only US$4.1 billion.

From 2011 - 2015, international visitors to Myanmar increased sharply at an average growth of 42% pa. According to the Myanmar Ministry of Hotels and Tourism, the number of international visitors to Myanmar was approximately 4.68 million in 2015, a significant increase of 52% YoY.

YANGON MARKET, 2H/2016

OFFICE

Yangon office stock reached 315,000 m2 net lettable area (NLA), increasing 11% YoY. Grade A remained the largest supplier with over 187,000 m2, followed by Grades C and B. At the end of November 2016, two new Grade A projects entered the market, Sule Square with 28,800 m2 and Crystal Tower with 13,500 m2.

Despite the recent influx of supply, Yangon still has considerably less stock than other Asian cities, being 4% of Bangkok’s, 6% of Jakarta’s, 19% of Ha Noi’s and 20% of HCMC’s.

The average rent decreased sharply -10% YoY. Grade A asking rents range US$45 - 76/m2/mth and Grade B asking rents range US$30 - 50/m2/mth. The surge of new supply offered occupants more choice and forced developers to adjust asking rents to more competitive levels. The average occupancy was approximately 65.2%, decreasing a mere -0.2 ppt YoY.

The total take-up was approximately 27,000 m2, increasing a moderate 10% YoY. Grade A led the market with approximately 19,000 m2, followed by Grades B and C. Increased take-up was the result of the Government’s new investment law, bolstering further demand.
In 2017, approximately 50,000 m2 will be launched from two new Grade A projects, Junction City by Shwe Taung Development & Keppel Land, and Times City by Crown Advanced Construction.

In the long term, higher occupancy levels are expected to reflect the positive sentiment created by the US’s lifting of the decades-long trade sanctions against Myanmar, fostering foreign investment activities.

HOTEL

The total stock of three to five-star rooms in Yangon was approximately 7,000, increasing 26% YoY. The surge was driven by both the debut of new developments and the opening of hotel expansions.

In the first eight months of 2016, foreign direct investment in Myanmar’s hospitality and tourism industries reached approximately US$3 billion.

In 2H/2016, the average room rate of the three to five-star segments in Yangon was approximately US$168/room/night, representing a decrease of -6% YoY. The average occupancy was 70%, increasing 2 ppts YoY. RevPAR decreased -2% YoY.

The aggregate four and five-star ARR decreased -3% YoY while the aggregate average occupancy increased 1 ppt YoY, resulting in the segments’ RevPAR decreasing -2% YoY.

In 2H/2016, the number of occupied rooms was approximately 4,900, up 31% YoY with all hotel grades experiencing increases.

With Yangon International Airport’s new terminal opening in March 2016, the airport’s capacity increased from 2.7 million to 6 million passengers annually.

In 2017, more international hoteliers will enter the Yangon hotel market, including Lotte, Pan Pacific and Starwood.

SERVICED APARTMENT

In 2H/2016, a new supply of 40 units from one existing project increased the total supply to approximately 1,520 units, up 4% YoY. Yangon’s current supply is only 8% of Bangkok’s and 34% of HCMC’s.

The area around Inya Lake supplies 830 units from nine projects, accounting for over half of total stock.

The average rent decreased -3% YoY to US$5,389/unit/mth or US$47/m2/mth - the highest figure among analysed ASEAN cities.
It also achieved the highest occupancy among those analysed with 89%, increasing 8 ppts YoY. The RevPAU increased 6% YoY to US$4,772/unit/mth. 2H/2016 saw positive take-up, much higher than that of 2H/2015.

Many future projects are the work of prestigious developers and operators, such as: Daewoo International, POSCO E&C, Lotte Hotels & Resorts, Shwe Taung Development, Keppel Land, Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd, Yoma Strategic Holdings Ltd, CapitaLand, Somerset and InterContinental Hotels Group.

RETAIL

In 2H/2016, Yangon’s total retail supply increased 1.4% YoY due to the entrance of three new small-scale projects of less than 5,000 m2 NLA.
The average rent decreased -7.2% YoY. While department storerent showed a marginal improvement of 2.0% YoY, shopping centre rent sharply decreased -6.9% YoY due to rental reductions in several projects, most notably Myanmar Cultural Valley and Shwe Taung Group’s Junction shopping centres.

The average occupancy decreased -1 ppt YoY to approximately 98 percent. Shopping centre occupancy decreases of -0.6 ppt YoY were overshadowed by department store decreases of -9.2 ppts YoY.
In 2H/2016, the total take-up was approximately 1,000 m2, down YoY due to decreases in both shopping centres and department stores.
In 2017, approximately 232,000 m² NLA from ten projects will come online, the majority of which are currently under construction. The most anticipated projects are Junction City and G.E.M.S.

CONDOMINIUM

Yangon’s primary condominium market consists of approximately 19,300 units from 213 projects. There were approximately 6,500 available units for sale from 149 active projects.

Average absorption was 12%, increasing 5 ppts YoY as a result of newly launched projects offering greater diversity and a more effective balance of price and quality.

The average selling price was US$2,670/m2, up 10% YoY. Pricing in Yangon was relatively higher than other regional cities due to limited supply and high construction costs.

The Condominium Law first published in January 2016 allows foreigners to buy condominiums in Myanmar, restricting purchases to only 40% of a building’s total units above level six.

The growing presence of international developers and the new law supporting foreign purchases has driven increased sales and quality improvements. Furthermore, with a population growth rate of approximately 2%, Yangon will begin to see greater fundamental housing demand.

In 2H/2016, Yangon’s total retail supply increased 1.4% YoY due to the entrance of three new small-scale projects of less than 5,000 m2 NLA.
More than 3,200 additional units from recorded future projects and others without clear statuses will enter the market within the next several years.

This document is prepared by Savills for information only. Whilst reasonable care has been exercised in preparing this document, it is subject to change and these particulars do not constitute, nor constitute part of, an offer or contract, interested parties should not only rely on the statements or representations of fact but must satisfy themselves by inspection or otherwise as to the accuracy. No person in the employment of Savills has any authority to make any representations or waranties whatsoever in relation to these particulars and Savills cannot be held responsible for any liability whatsoever or for any loss howsoever arising from or in reliance upon the whole or any part of the contents of this document. © Savills Vietnam Co. Limited. 2009

 
 

Key Contacts

Dinh Huong Linh

Dinh Huong Linh

National Head of MarCom, Savills Vietnam

Savills Hanoi

+84 24 3946 1300 Ext 112